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|Yamaha||Yamaha Synth overview..|
that means: you got 6 Oscillators with Sine Waves ,
the most exiting thing maybe the enormous dynamics, because every OP envelope (OP = operator = oscillator) could be set individually to respond to velocity. yes: every OP has a dedicated output level and ratio and multi-stage envelope.
the speciality with yamaha is: you need to think different: the rates are "angles",so 99 is the fastest possible rate! (don't confuse this!)..
at the same time yamaha put out the 4 OP systems (cheaper), DX9 (1983) and later the DX21 that had split and dual mode like the DX5 and the poly mode only synths DX27 , DX100 etc.. all 4OP synthesizers.
also they introduced rack modules like the TX-7 (the non-rackable but desktop DX-7) and the big TX816 . it had lots of tf1 modules that represent ONE DX7 each,so you could eqasily have 8 DX-7's in a rack!.. the TX216 had 2 TF1 modules 1985.
the dx or fm synthesis is well known for bell and rhodes sounds, but it can do much more than that!! or fm basses got popular in the 90ies ;) but autechre and other new electro bands showed there is another use of fm synthesis sounds!!
|DX-TG-SY-FS-PLG ---- the fm synthesis HISTORY @ yamaha
the 4 OP DX frist generation , no velocity.. DX9
3rd generation: TG77, SY77 , SY99 added samples (77:rom, 99: ram), designing your own algorithms and up to 3 feedbacks and nice spx like FX (spx1000 x2 on the SY99) and : from now on no1 could say FM sounds thin!! thats still refering to the 1st/2nd gen fm synths .. 20bit AD now.. more hi-end sound but some prefer the 2nd generation for "authentic" dx sound (rough and hard) we are talking about small changes..
<-- 3rd gen FM: TG77 pic thx to lostweb.
4th generation: FS1R , the only 8 OP + 8 OP(unvoiced) synth!
5th generation: dx200, plugin concept: works on most yamaha workstation called plg100dx (beside modules for physical modeling aka vl70m, piano and VA (called AN) etc.. well ,the dx-200 is almost soundwise the "2nd generation"..
the DX7 got updated for its old style 12bit D/A converters. so the DX7II and DX7IIFD (and dx7s) were born 1987 (read about disk format of it under "digital" or tricks). there was a rack version also: the TX802 . the 2nd generation DX7II had unisono mode!! find the DX7II as a rack " TX802 " . find unisono in TX816/216, TX802 , DX7II series and layer-type sounds on the FS1R ,tg/sy models. the DX-21 and DX11/tx81z have performance and/or unison modes ,too! which is very interesting!! sounds fat!
btw: there have been a lot of expansions for the DX7 (more memory etc.. like e! etc..)
the latest DX7 - based synth is the strongly expanded yamaha FS1R , has 8 OPs and another 8 "unvoiced" OPs with BPF filters and lots more plus formant sequencing.
but before the FS1R , yamaha had the big SY and TG series:
|ONE GENERAL WARNING||: most yamaha FM synthesizer KEYBOARDS do have a range from 0 to 120 for velocity! thats,why some people get shocked when they realize: oh, I can not go beyond 120 (121-127 = maximum velocity). so I recommend the racked versions exept if you do not want to use the keyboards for other synthesizers than the internal one!!
the old dx, the newer one (DX7II), SY77 .. etc.. they are all limited here.. anyway the SY99 is still the top model for 6OP FM with rom AND ram samples.. the FS1R sounds a bit "nicer" .. and it's response is somewhat "slower".. we are talking about "freak infos" here..
german/deutsch einen test zum fm7 und fmheaven gibts hier..
the typical relationship to control the OPs (OSCs) amplitude - 6 ENVs of a TG77 :
an FM algo of a 6 OP synth.. software like the fm7 allows feedbacks as many as you like, in the TG77 / SY99 you can have up to 3 of them. the feedback will generate "noise"-like effect.. but you can create very noise like sounds by using a hi-frequency OP at max level.. this one is the TG77 's algorithm - btw: pm/pd phase modulation is often the same result than the fm systems. you know, yamha holds the patents, only pd systems can have feedback ,so yamaha themselves used also "PD/PM"..
more on fm in deutsch/german:
beside Apple/Emagic/C-lab sounddiver which will sooner or later be cancelled because apple thinks midi and hardware is over.. try these:
for the fs1r find an editor (free) here
with yamaha fm synth you may want a nice editor? yes! you can still use SOUNDDIVER (thats the best one) if you are on a mac, for pc users you may need to use midiquest or unisyn / .. or the free dx-manager
Die Seite von KPR hat eine recht gute Liste mit Software die du austesten koenntest.
more about dx7 by dave benson
Dave Bensons Page ist auch ein Muss fuer jeden DX7 Besitzer.
some freeware for several synths incl fs1r etc.:
Hier noch ein Link zu einem Freeware Editor Programm, fuer diverse Synthesizer...
who ever wants to edit on an atari, still can use this - Wer sich ein wenig mit dem ATARI auskennt kann den ST Emulator Steem mit div. ATARI Software (die mittlerweile freeware ist) einsetzen...
emulations for ST stuff can be found here:
für den mac gibts natürlich auch ST emulationen,aber da hat man ja sounddiver (noSTalgia wäre sonst zu nennen siehe emulation.net)
more FM literature.. free.. off this site..
DX FM -> VZ Coarse (Halbtoene / semitones)
1 = 0
2 = 12
3 = 19
4 = 24
5 = 28
6 = 30
0.5 = -12
0.25 = -19
0.125 = -24
0.065 = -28
0.0325 = -30
in german DX7II disc format:
Der DX7II schreibt seine Disketten im MSX-Format, ein altes Format aus der 8-bit Computer Zeit, den japanische Hersteller fast schon zum Ende der 8bit-Ära geschaffen haben.. Wenn man mit dem Mac oder PC jetzt auf die Sounds zugreifen (zB um sie in Native Instruments FM7 oder fmheaven zu importieren) will muss man sich wohl nach einem Converter umschauen der MSX Diskformate lesen kann. Also nicht DOS! Es gibt noch ein paar andere ältere Geräte von Yamaha die dieses Format benutzen.. Vorsicht: viele emulatoren emulieren nicht das disk-format sondern die hardware und arbeiten mit abbildern der MSX disks im DOS oder Mac/HFS(+) format.. versuchs bei www.emulation.net
more digital synthesizers by yamaha..:
| VECTOR SYNTHESIZERS
SY22, SY35, TG33
|Yamaha made the SY22 and the voice doubled TG33 and SY35 (all with AT and VEL , the tg33 has no keys of course) as
VECTOR SYNTHESIZERS , so they all have 2 FM (2OP only) and 2 ROM OSCs (yamaha call it AWM) to blend between with a joystick like the prophet VS or korg wavestation.. the FM is not really accessable, but there are some secret paramters in there.. but not reachable via sounddiver etc. but I have seen 2 editors on PC that will do it.. but is is NOT more than adjusting the spectrum a bit and some harmonics.. but since it is based on FM (ok, it's only 2 Oscs, but its FM!) it should be mentioned here.. they are not bad for pads!..
there are some hidden parameters SY22,SY35,TG33: Algorithm, Waveform, Frequency, including Fixed Frequency Mode
Detune and Pitch Scaling (also for rom sample section), Amp Envelope with Level/Rate scaling
Pitch/Amp LFO switch (both operators)
there is a cool site on the vector series here..
since the samples are 12bit and the FM is 2 Oscillator FM this one is for quite industrial pads!!..
since it is quite cheap you could have fun with one of these..
there are some editors for the hidden parameters, find some here
there are some little differences in the waveforms but most of them are "interchangeable" but not the same.. the tg33 is more a sy22 expander and the sy versions are 8times multitimbral and provide only one stereo out pair of jacks but have layer functionality and SY means 16 voices max. some screens and buttons are different. the SY need to send a whole sound while the tg33 accepts single sysex data, too.. the tg33 has 32 voices and is 16times multitimbral. no foot control (..) it's been said the sy-35 has some 16bit samples, but this is unclear.. but .. well "consider" it could be - tg33 and sy22 are still 12bit..
the tg33 looks very strange "desktop", its the expander version but it is not a rack.. it's a desktop synth. the SY's both are keyboards. the sy-22 is the smaller one (half the voice power of the tg-33) and half number of presets (thats sooo important, huh?)
|the YAMAHA EX SERIES
||the YAMAHA EX SERIES
EX5 and EX7 are no FM synthesizers, but they are a mixture of AN (analog modeling / virtual analog like an1x), VL (like the VL plugin hardware or the vl70m reduced..), FDSP (some resonator / pwm simulating by feedbacked delays..), and AWM (rom samples)
quite flexible synths, the ex5 is the more powerful one.. the ex7 is a bit "slimed down" ex5 ;) (processor is less powerful here)..
|the Cs1X , CS2X and CS6X||the Cs1X , CS2X and CS6X are not analogue, they are rom based synthesizers, the cs6x has also plugins slots for yamahas "plug in hardware" like VL, AN, Piano etc. and of course a DX module that is exacly a DX7 !! - basically they have a standard VA-structure but no FM,ringmod etc..
the cs1x and cs2x are almost yamahas answer to techno of the 90ies and offered ok-filters and standard rompler synths - same look like the an1x which is VA (virtual analogue)... but also offers a nice FM section but cannot be compared to yamahas 4,6 or 6OP FM synthesizers .. there are also some other synths that accept the yamaha hard plugins expecially the DX module.. like some MU sound modules and motif series..
|YAMAHA MOTIF SERIES..
||YAMAHA MOTIF SERIES..
is yamahas answer to rolands fantom and fantom X, the Motif ES can also can handle your own samples, it's structure is much like the fantom but does not provide the "structures" and ringmod combinations...
|Yamaha DX7II (FD)
Diskformat lesen mit Mac/PC
|Der DX7II schreibt seine Disketten im MSX-Format, ein altes Format aus der 8-bit Computer Zeit, den japanische Hersteller fast schon zum Ende der 8bit-Ära geschaffen haben.. Wenn man mit dem Mac oder PC jetzt auf die Sounds zugreifen (zB um sie in Native Instruments FM7 oder fmheaven zu importieren) will muss man sich wohl nach einem Converter umschauen der MSX Diskformate lesen kann. Also nicht DOS! Es gibt noch ein paar andere ältere Geräte von Yamaha die dieses Format benutzen.. Vorsicht: viele emulatoren emulieren nicht das disk-format sondern die hardware und arbeiten mit abbildern der MSX disks im DOS oder Mac/HFS(+) format.. versuchs bei www.emulation.net|
| Yamaha VL1..
physical modeling Synth.. V2.0 .. you can make very special sounds with this!.. mono- / duophon
the Yamaha VL1 - physical modelling for the masses. still quite rare: there are 3 versions:
-the vl1 - duophonic (has 2 "elements" = sound enignes) or the racked vl1m
the downsized version vl70m or the vl module that can be found in some yamaha mu modules and as a module to slot into their bigger newer workstations.
the vl70m is NOT the same as the vl1/7 series and also sounds "weaker". and the FX are also downsized.
|VL1 physical modeling synth
VL1m - Rack Version
click to enlarge.. VL1m
|Yamaha||Yamaha Synth overview..|